Monday, September 10, 2007


JONATHAN KOZOL - This morning, I am entering the 67th day of a partial fast that I began early in the summer as my personal act of protest at the vicious damage being done to inner-city children by the federal education law No Child Left Behind, a racially punitive piece of legislation that Congress will either renew, abolish, or, as thousands of teachers pray, radically revise in the weeks immediately ahead.

The poisonous essence of this law lies in the mania of obsessive testing it has forced upon our nation's schools and, in the case of underfunded, overcrowded inner-city schools, the miserable drill-and-kill curriculum of robotic "teaching to the test" it has imposed on teachers, the best of whom are fleeing from these schools because they know that this debased curriculum would never have been tolerated in the good suburban schools that they, themselves, attended.

The justification for this law was the presumptuous and ignorant determination by the White House that our urban schools are, for the most part, staffed by mediocre drones who will suddenly become terrific teachers if we place a sword of terror just above their heads and threaten them with penalties if they do not pump their students' scores by using proto-military methods of instruction -- scripted texts and hand-held timers -- that will rescue them from doing any thinking of their own. There are some mediocre teachers in our schools (there are mediocre lawyers, mediocre senators, and mediocre presidents as well), but hopelessly dull and unimaginative teachers do not suddenly turn into classroom wizards under a regimen that transforms their classrooms into test-prep factories.

The real effect of No Child Left Behind is to drive away the tens of thousands of exciting and high-spirited, superbly educated teachers whom our urban districts struggle to attract into these schools. There are more remarkable young teachers like this coming into inner-city education than at any time I've seen in more than 40 years. The challenge isn't to recruit them; it's to keep them. But 50% of the glowing young idealists I have been recruiting from the nation's most respected colleges and universities are throwing up their hands and giving up their jobs within three years.

When I ask them why they've grown demoralized, they routinely tell me it's the feeling of continual anxiety, the sense of being in a kind of "state of siege," as well as the pressure to conform to teaching methods that drain every bit of joy out of the hours that their children spend with them in school.

"I didn't study all these years," a highly principled and effective first-grade teacher told me -- she had studied literature and anthropology in college while also having been immersed in education courses -- "in order to turn black babies into mindless little robots, denied the normal breadth of learning, all the arts and sciences, all the joy in reading literary classics, all the spontaneity and power to ask interesting questions, that kids are getting in the middle-class white systems." At a moment when black and Hispanic students are more segregated than at any time since 1968 (in the typical inner-city school I visit, out of an enrollment that may range from 800 to 4,000 students, there are seldom more than five or six white children), NCLB adds yet another factor of division between children of minorities and those in the mainstream of society. In good suburban classrooms, children master the essential skills not from terror but from exhilaration, inspired in them by their teachers, in the act of learning in itself. They're also given critical capacities that they will need if they're to succeed in college and to function as discerning citizens who have the power to interrogate reality. They learn to ask the questions that will shape the nation's future, while inner-city kids are being trained to give pre-scripted answers and to acquiesce in their subordinate position in society.

In the wake of the calamitous Supreme Court ruling in the end of June that prohibited not only state-enforced but even voluntary programs of school integration, No Child Left Behind -- unless it is dramatically transformed -- will drive an even deeper wedge between two utterly divided sectors of American society.

This, then, is the reason I've been fasting, taking only small amounts of mostly liquid foods each day, and, when I have stomach pains, other forms of nourishment at times, a stipulation that my doctor has insisted on in order to avert the risk of doing longterm damage to my heart. Twenty-nine pounds lighter than I was when I began, I've been dreaming about big delicious dinners.

Still, I feel an obligation to those many teachers who have told me, not as an accusation but respectfully, that it was one of my books that diverted them from easier, more lucrative careers and brought them into teaching in the first place. Some call me in the evenings, on the verge of tears, to tell me of the maddening frustration that they feel at being forced to teach in ways that make them hate themselves.

I don't want them to quit their jobs. I give them whatever good survival strategies I can. I tell them that the best defense is to be extremely good at what they do: Deliver the skills! Don't let your classroom grow chaotic! A teacher who can keep a reasonable sense of calm within her room, particularly in a school in which disorder has been common, renders herself almost inexpendable. . .

I've tried very hard to convince a number of the more enlightened Democrats who serve on the Senate education panel to introduce amendments that will drastically reduce our government's reliance upon standardized exams in judgment of a child, school, or teacher, and attribute greater weight to factors that are not so simple-mindedly reducible to numbers.

Sophisticated as opposed to low-grade methods of assessment would not only tell us whether little Oscar or Shaniqua started out their essays with "a topic sentence" but would also tell us whether they wrote something with the slightest hint of authenticity and charm or simply stamped out insincere placebos. (A child gets no credit for originality or authenticity under No Child Left Behind. Sincerity gets no rewards. Endearing stylistic eccentricity, needless to say, is not rewarded either. That which can't be measured is not valued by the technocrats of uniformity who have designed this miserable piece of legislation.) . . .


At December 15, 2007 5:59 AM, Anonymous Teachersosad said...

The path out of goverments paying for education has been paved. The restructuring of NYC schools has left the unions powerless. This will do for education what privitization did for Health Care!Just as the doctors were powerless when that happened so to are teachers powerless now.
NCLB is just the way to use the strategies outlined in Orwells 1984lots of Edu Babble while they give away the schools to corperate control. It is public information that the reform committee is made up of interests like Book Companies and tutoring services.Can it be believed that profit makers have the interests of children at heart? All schools are accountable? Except the "new schools" that are cherry pickers of students and can refuse the most needy. Just name a new school East/West in Flushing and offer Chinese. The assemblymen and the community will easily fall for that one even if it is located in an already crowded building.Pay two principals to do what one has done for thirty years.Stack the deck enough and you can push out the old school and get rid of the most expensive teachers, the most experienced, and hire new ones. Distroying the Districts made it possible.Let the teachers go fish for job or leave.The strategy is brilliant.This long term plan will work.Soon parents will be asked to pay for more and more of this plan. Not in taxes, but as they do in other states. By a company that runs, afterschool services, tutoring, lunch. You'll be able to buy A plan B plan or C plan. Where dose that leave the poor? Well where does it leave them in other states where they do this? Yet organizations like The Southern Poverty Law Center support NCLB! Why should any mayor want to change this? The education buget will be lower without having to raise taxes for property owners. Those who can't pay for the services will not be in school long enough to take those crazy tests! The schools will all get an A! What a success!

At October 9, 2008 10:59 AM, Blogger jevansmslmhc said...

Naomi Klein notes in her book The Shock Doctrine that our present situation in the U.S. is part of a long range economic philosophy espoused by Milton Friedman and the right wing think tanks that have emerged from the University of Chicago's School of Economics. Friedman espoused that massive socio-economic change and the purest form of capitalism is available when a society is in "shock" due to some critical event. At that moment it is the availability of plans that are "lying around" awaiting the crisis that become the rules and laws of the day. Just as the present administration did immediately following September 11 with the "urgent" need for the Patriot Act; and the "need" immediately following Hurricane Katrina to close the public schools in New Orleans, kill the union, and open multiple new charter schools; so now in the face of the massive kleptocracy of the last eight years we require, a) an almost $1 TRILLION bailout for the thieves themselves, and b) the redirection of public capital to private management with insufficient regulation. One of the immediate impacts of that egregious and poorly considered move will be the further endangerment of public education; the denuding of comprehensive public mental health services; the dismantling of what remains of public welfare and social service infrastructure; and at the very least a narrowing if not wholesale diminishment of health care. We have been publicly sold the need to panic and experience fear which has narrowed our vision of the possible solutions to long-standing economic problems rooted in greed. It is the poor and already underserved who will experience the deepest losses in this debacle. The chasm between those who have and those who have not will widen. NCLB, as awful as it has been, has just been a "holding action" that has carried us to this next drive toward the complete extinction of public education in the United States.


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