DC TRENDS: Population

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MORE POPULATION DATA

FEDERAL STATS

2007

N.C. AIZENMAN, WASHINGTON POST - The District of Columbia's longtime status as a majority-black city appears to be diminishing. . . The 14 percent increase in non-Hispanic white District residents and 6 percent decrease in blacks from 2000 to 2006 are probably the result of the gentrification of once-affordable city neighborhoods, demographers said. The impact on the city's racial makeup is noticeable. In 2000, blacks made up 60 percent of the District's population. By 2006, that figure was 55 percent. If the trends continue, the city will almost certainly cease to be majority black by 2020, said Robert E. Lang, director of the Metropolitan Institute at Virginia Tech. "It will wind up more like a Los Angeles or a New York, with no clear majority.". . .

From 2000 to 2006, the number of non-Hispanic black residents in the District declined to 322,000, the number of non-Hispanic whites rose to about 184,000 and the number of Asians increased to 18,000, a 20 percent gain.

NATIVE WASHINGTONIANS

In 2000, 39% of DC residents were native born. This was higher than Alaska, Arizona, Florida, orNevada.

2006

ACCORDING TO THE CENSUS, the metro area had a net increase of 418,000 people between 2000 and 2005. But 245,000 were due to births minus deaths. 200,000 was due to immigration. American citizens actually declined by 40,000.

17% OF THE AREA'S Jews - or about 36,000 - live in DC. The area has the sixth largest Jewish population in the U.S. 30% of area Jews are Conservative and 31% Reform with 2% Orthodox. There are 16,000 Jewish lawyers in the area and we have more Jewish singles than the entire Jewish population of Seattle. The intermarriage rate is 41% compared to 48% nationally. The overall fertility rate of Jewish women in the area is 1.9 children, les than the 2.15 replacement rate. 85& of area Jews have a college education and 52% have a graduate degree.

[Greater Washington Jewish Community Study 2003]

12.86: Percentage of residents who are foreign-born.
39.1: Percentage of residents who are college graduates.
29.7: Average one-way commute, in minutes.
$44,926: Median household income in 2004. - Washington Post

ASIANS, LATINOS AND OTHER MINORITIES accounted for two-thirds of the Washington region's recent population growth, according to new census figures that point to dramatic increases in counties well beyond the Capital Beltway.

IN 1980 21% of all DC cabbies were foreign born. By 2000 62% were. 25% of all DC taxi drivers were born in Africa. 27% of cabbies are college graduates. - Washingtonian

The combined population of illegal immigrants in Maryland, Virginia and the District increased almost 70 percent from an estimated 300,000 in 2000 to about 500,000 in 2004, said demographer Jeffrey S. Passel of the Pew Hispanic Center. - Washington Post

PETER WHORISKEY WASHINGTON POST - From 1994 to 2002, the large swath of all District neighborhoods west of Rock Creek Park showed an increase in births of 33 percent, from 910 to 1,214, according to city data. Similarly, a handful of prosperous Capitol Hill neighborhoods showed a jump in annual births of 79 percent, from 44 to 79, over that time. . . The rest of the city showed a drop of 30 percent, from 9,000 to fewer than 6,300.

BLACK SAME SEX HOUSEHOLDS IN THE DC-BALTIMORE AREA

NATIONAL GAY & LESBIAN TASK FORCE - The US Census counts 4,997 Black gay and lesbian couples in the Washington, DC-Baltimore area. This represents 5.9% of all Black same-sex couples in the U.S. Twenty percent of all same-sex households in the Washington-Baltimore area are Black same-sex households (i.e. at least one partner is Black).

The average age of individuals in Black same-sex couples was 40.5.

The median household income for Black male same-sex couples was $53,500. The median household income for Black female same-sex couples was $58,300.

Fifty-two percent of Black female same-sex couples and 41% of Black male same-sex couples are raising children.

Nine percent of Black female same-sex couples and seven percent of Black male same-sex couples are raising non-biological (fostered or adopted) children.

Forty-five percent of Black male same-sex couples and 41% of Black female same-sex couples report living in the same residence five years ago.

Fifty-seven percent of Black male same-sex couples and 55% of Black female same-sex couples own their own home.

Sixty-seven percent of Black men in same-sex households and 73% of Black women in same-sex households report working full-time.

Twenty percent of Black men and 24% of Black women in same-sex households work in the public sector.

Twenty-one percent of men and 10% of women in Black same-sex couples are military veterans.

 WASH POST - The Washington area's Jewish population has grown to 215,600 in the last 20 years, creating the sixth-largest Jewish community in the country, according to a survey of Jewish life and practice released this week. . . The last study of the region, in 1983, estimated the number of Jews at 157,300 and the number of Jewish households at 68,000. The greatest growth in the number of Jewish households, 343 percent, occurred in upper Montgomery County, primarily around Gaithersburg, while the number of households in Northern Virginia -- Alexandria and Falls Church, and Arlington, Fairfax, Prince William and Loudoun counties -- increased by 111 percent. The number grew by 38 percent in lower Montgomery, including Bethesda, Rockville and Chevy Chase, and by 32 percent in the District. Prince George's County recorded a 13 percent decline. . .

The areas with larger Jewish communities than the Washington region are New York, 1.4 million; Los Angeles, 519,200; Chicago, 261,000; Broward County, Fla., 234,000; and Boston, 227,000. The estimated Jewish population in the United States is 5.2 million, according to the National Jewish Population Survey released last fall. . .

About half of the Washington area marriages involving Jews 35 to 49 years old are intermarriages, a rate that is close to the national average. But the rate of intermarried couples in the age category of 65 and older is among the greatest in the country -- 27 percent for couples 65 to 74 and 37 percent for those 75 and over.

The Census Bureau estimated that by July last year the city's population dropped by 1,161 persons, from 572,059 in 2000 to 570,898. . . People of Hispanic origin, which the bureau tabulates separately from race, made the largest population gains in the District and its suburbs. . . The District's Hispanic population hit 52,456, an increase of 7,503 or 16 percent. The Asian population increased 10.9 percent, from 15,762 to 17,484. Meanwhile, the number of non-Hispanic blacks in the District dropped 7,060 to 335,404, and the number of non-Hispanic whites fell by 2,788 to 158,472. [WASHINGTON TIMES]

DC has dropped to 23rd place among cities and now has less population than either Charlotte or El Paso.

CHANGE IN BLACK, WHITE, AND LATINO POPULATION 1990-2000

Kalorama, Adams Morgan
Black -35%
White +8%
Latino No change

Columbia Hgts, Mt. Pleasant, Park View
Black -24%
White +24%
Latino +43%

Shaw, Howard Univ, LeDroit Pk
Black -15%
White +47%
Latino +33%

Logan Circle-Lower Shaw
Black -26%
White +19%
Latino +80%
[Census, Wash Post]

Figures compiled by the Washington Post show that college educated blacks prefer living in the inner suburbs to DC. 29% of the inner suburb black population has a college degree while only 18% in DC does. In both cases, the percentage of college educated blacks is higher than the national average for college educated blacks and the percentage living in the inner suburbs is higher that the average for all Americans (29% v. 24%).

College educated Hispanics slightly prefer DC to the inner suburbs (25% to 21%) and are much more prevalent here than across the nation (10%)

Non-Hispanic college educated whites prefer DC (81%) to the inner suburbs (60%).

DC ranks fourth as a destination for legal and illegal immigrants, with 81,000 immigrants moving to the area in 1998. [INS]

Almost one in ten District residents is latino and over the last decade latinos have become D.C.'s fastest growing ethnic minority. Latino residents have traditionally concentrated in Ward 1, but 2000 Census data show significant gains in Wards 4, 5, and 6 as well.


GROWTH IN LATINO POPULATION


LATINO POPULATION BY WARD

"The State of D.C. Latinos"

WARD 7 % black by decade

1940: 41%
1950 43%
1960 67%
1970 93%
1980 96%

% of city's adults who have never married: 48%


DC FAMILIES - % BY TYPE
COUNCIL OF LATINO AGENCIES

DC BY ETHNICITY White Black American
Indian,
Eskimo,
and Aleut
Asian
and
Pacific
Islander
Other
race

 

Hispanic
origin
(of any
race)

White, not
of Hispanic
origin
PERCENT
2010  35 50    3    9  
2000 30.8 60 0.8 2.7 4 9 27.8
1990 ............................ 29.6 65.8 0.2 1.8 2.5 5.4 27.4
1980 ........................... 26.9 70.3 0.2 1.0 1.6 2.8 25.7
1970 ........................... 27.7 71.1 0.1 0.7 0.4 - -
1960 ............................ 45.2 53.9 0.1 0.6 0.2 - -
1950 ............................ 64.6 35.0 - 0.4 - - -
1940 ........................... 71.5 28.2 - 0.2 - - -
1930 ............................ 72.7 27.1 - 0.2 - - -
1920 ............................ 74.7 25.1 - 0.2 - - -
1910 ........................... 71.3 28.5 - 0.1 - - -
1900 .......................... 68.7 31.1 - 0.2 - - -
1890 ........................... 67.1 32.8 - - - - -
1880 ........................... 66.4 33.6 - - -

FREE AND SLAVE
1870 ........................... 67.0 33.0 - - - Free Slave
1860 .......................... 80.9 19.1 - - - 77.8 22.2
1850 ........................... 73.4 26.6 - - - 73.2 26.8
1840 .......................... 70.9 29.1 - - - 66.2 33.8
1830 ........................... 69.9 30.1 - - - 50.5 49.5
1820 .......................... 68.8 31.2 - - - 37.9 62.1
1810 ......................... 66.9 33.1 - - - 30.7 69.3
1800 .......................... 69.6 30.4 - - - 16.2 83.8

BLACKEST
CITIES IN AMERICA

Black or African American Alone
Rank Place Name State Total Population Number Percent
1 Gary city IN 102,746 86,340 84.0
2 Detroit city MI 951,270 775,772 81.6
3 Birmingham city AL 242,820 178,372 73.5
4 Jackson city MS 184,256 130,151 70.6
5 New Orleans city LA 484,674 325,947 67.3
6 Baltimore city MD 651,154 418,951 64.3
7 Memphis city TN 650,- 399,208 61.4
8 Atlanta city GA 416,474 255,689 61.4
9 Washington city DC 572,059 343,312 60.0

US CENSUS

BETWEEN 1990 and 2000, DC lost 26% of its adult citizens with less than a 9th grade education.

2000 CENSUS DATA

THE LATEST Census figures confirmed the casual windshield appraisal. DC gained 21,000 households earning $100,000 or more during the 1990s while losing 22,000 households that earned less than $25,000. There was little change in the distribution of income between these extremes. While these figures do not account for inflation, they give a rough picture of the socio-economic change in the city spurred by a government that has cut - or let deteriorate - services to the poor while catering to the new city's new boom class. The number of families in poverty actually increased slightly, probably reflecting the rotten floor of DC economics, i.e. while many lower income residents drift out of the city to the cheaper suburbs, the really poor have little choice but to hang on in worse conditions. In 1990, those in poverty represented 16% of lower income residents; today they represent 24%.

Other changes of note:

- a 40% increase in the city's Spanish speaking residents - now about 9% of the population.

- a noticeable loss of older residents

- fewer people living in the same house as five years ago

- there has been a sharp increase in the number of managers and professionals and a sharp loss of those working in retail

- the number of government workers has declined.

POPULATION 65 AND OVER

1990 72,259
2000 66,478

CHANGE (5,781)

LIVING IN SAME HOUSE AS FIVE YEARS AGO

1990 53.5%
2000 49.5%

FOREIGN BORN

1990 9.7%
2000 12.9%

SPANISH SPEAKING (OVER 5 YEARS)

1990 35,021 6.1%
2000 49,461 9.2%

OTHER ETHNICITIES

 

 1990

2000

 IRISH

34,468

 28,207

 GERMAN

 39,282

 27,415

 ENGLISH

34,280

 25,214

SUBSAHARAN AFRICAN

 9,380

16,000

ITALIAN 

11,691

12,527

RUSSIAN

12,346

 8,338

MANAGERS AND PROFESSIONALS

1990 39%
2000 51%

EMPLOYED IN RETAIL TRADE

1990 10.4%
2000 6%

GOVERNMENT WORKERS

1990 32%
2000 26%


Subject

Number

Percent

     

Total population

572,059

100.0

SEX AND AGE

   
Male 269,366 47.1
Female 302,693 52.9
     
Under 5 years 32,536 5.7
5 to 9 years 35,385 6.2
10 to 14 years 30,018 5.2
15 to 19 years 37,867 6.6
20 to 24 years 51,823 9.1
25 to 34 years 101,762 17.8
35 to 44 years 87,677 15.3
45 to 54 years 75,310 13.2
55 to 59 years 27,803 4.9
60 to 64 years 21,980 3.8
65 to 74 years 35,919 6.3
75 to 84 years 25,004 4.4
85 years and over 8,975 1.6
     
Median age (years) 34.6 (X)
     
18 years and over 457,067 79.9

Male

211,446 37.0

Female

245,621 42.9
21 years and over 425,229 74.3
62 years and over 82,342 14.4
65 years and over 69,898 12.2

Male

26,543 4.6

Female

43,355 7.6
     

RACE

   
One race 558,613 97.6

White

176,101 30.8

Black or African American

343,312 60.0

American Indian and Alaska Native

1,713 0.3

Asian

15,189 2.7

Asian Indian

2,845 0.5

Chinese

3,734 0.7

Filipino

2,228 0.4

Japanese

1,117 0.2

Korean

1,095 0.2

Vietnamese

1,903 0.3

Other Asian

2,267 0.4

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

348 0.1

Native Hawaiian

138 0.0

Guamanian or Chamorro

62 0.0

Samoan

51 0.0

Other Pacific Islander

97 0.0

Some other race

21,950 3.8
Two or more races 13,446 2.4
     

Race alone or in combination with one or more other races

   
White 184,309 32.2
Black or African American 350,455 61.3
American Indian and Alaska Native 4,775 0.8
Asian 17,956 3.1
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 785 0.1
Some other race 28,627 5.0
     

HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE

   

Total population

572,059

100.0

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 44,953 7.9

Mexican

5,098 0.9

Puerto Rican

2,328 0.4

Cuban

1,101 0.2

Other Hispanic or Latino

36,426 6.4
Not Hispanic or Latino 527,106 92.1

White alone

159,178 27.8
     

RELATIONSHIP

   

Total population

572,059

100.0

In households 536,497 93.8

Householder

248,338 43.4

Spouse

56,631 9.9

Child

129,116 22.6

Own child under 18 years

88,899 15.5

Other relatives

50,187 8.8

Under 18 years

22,097 3.9

Nonrelatives

52,225 9.1

Unmarried partner

14,886 2.6
In group quarters 35,562 6.2

Institutionalized population

7,964 1.4

Noninstitutionalized population

27,598 4.8
     

HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE

   

Total households

248,338

100.0

Family households (families) 114,166 46.0

With own children under 18 years

49,104 19.8

Married-couple family

56,631 22.8

With own children under 18 years

20,741 8.4

Female householder, no husband present

47,032 18.9

With own children under 18 years

24,561 9.9
Nonfamily households 134,172 54.0

Householder living alone

108,744 43.8

Householder 65 years and over

24,903 10.0
     
Households with individuals under 18 years 60,987 24.6
Households with individuals 65 years and over 53,369 21.5
     
Average household size 2.16 (X)
Average family size 3.07 (X)
     

HOUSING OCCUPANCY

   

Total housing units

274,845

100.0

Occupied housing units 248,338 90.4
Vacant housing units 26,507 9.6

For seasonal, recreational, or occasional use

2,207 0.8
     
Homeowner vacancy rate (percent) 2.9 (X)
Rental vacancy rate (percent) 5.9 (X)
     

HOUSING TENURE

   

Occupied housing units

248,338

100.0

Owner-occupied housing units 101,214 40.8
Renter-occupied housing units 147,124 59.2
     
Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2.31 (X)
Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2.06 (X)

-

District of Columbia

USA

 Population, 2000

572,059

281,421,906

 Population, net change, 1990 to 2000

-34,841

32,630,981

 Population, percent change, 1990 to 2000

-5.7%

13.1%

 White persons, 2000 (a)

176,101

211,460,626

 Black or African American persons, 2000 (a)

343,312

34,658,190

 American Indian and Alaska Native persons, 2000 (a)

1,713

2,475,956

 Asian persons, 2000 (a)

15,189

10,242,998

 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander persons, 2000 (a)

348

398,835

 Persons reporting some other race, 2000 (a)

21,950

15,359,073

 Persons reporting two or more races, 2000

13,446

6,826,228

 White persons, percent, 2000 (a)

30.8%

75.1%

 Black or African American persons, percent, 2000 (a)

60.0%

12.3%

 American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2000 (a)

0.3%

0.9%

 Asian persons, percent, 2000 (a)

2.7%

3.6%

 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2000 (a)

0.1%

0.1%

 Persons reporting some other race, percent, 2000 (a)

3.8%

5.5%

 Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2000

2.4%

2.4%

 Persons under 18 years old, 2000

114,992

72,293,812

 Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2000

20.1%

25.7%

 Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, 2000 (b)

44,953

35,305,818

 Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2000 (b)

7.9%

12.5%

 Deaths, 1997

6,129

2,314,245

 Infant deaths, 1997

105

28,045

 High school graduates, persons 25 years and over, 1990

299,265

119,524,718

 College graduates, persons 25 years and over, 1990

136,285

32,310,253

 Homeownership rate, 1990

38.9%

64.2%

 Households, 1990

249,034

91,993,582

 Persons per household, 1990

2.27

2.63

 Median household money income, 1997 model-based estimate

$34,980

$37,005

 Persons below poverty, number, 1997 model-based estimate

96,253

35,573,858

 Persons below poverty, percent, 1997 model-based estimate

19.3%

13.3%

 Children below poverty, number, 1997 model-based estimate

33,503

8,388,607

 Children below poverty, percent, 1997 model-based estimate

33.7%

19.9%

Number Percent
NATIVITY AND PLACE OF BIRTH
Total population 572,059 100.0
Native...................................................................... 498,498 87.1
Born in United States............................................................. 491,363 85.9
State of residence............................................................. 224,352 39.2
Different state............................................................. 267,011 46.7
Born outside United States ............................................................. 7,135 1.2
Foreign born............................................................. 73,561 12.9
Entered 1990 to March 2000............................................................ 37,533 6.6
Naturalized citizen............................................................. 22,050 3.9
Not a citizen.......................................................................... 51,511 9.0
REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN
Total (excluding born at sea) ........................................................ 73,555 100.0
Europe.... 12,909 17.6
Asia.......................................................................... 12,503 17.0
Africa......................................................................... 9,208 12.5
Oceania.......................................................................... 585 0.8
Latin America............................................................. 37,079 50.4
Northern America............................................................. 1,271 1.7
LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME
Population 5 years and over............................................................. 539,658 100.0
English only............................................................. 449,241 83.2
Language other than English............................................................. 90,417 16.8
Speak English less than "very well" 38,236 7.1
Spanish 49,461 9.2
Speak English less than "very well" 25,355 4.7
Other Indo-European languages............................................................. 23,721 4.4
Speak English less than "very well" 5,815 1.1
Asian and Pacific Island languages............................................................. 8,974 1.7
Speak English less than "very well" 4,508 0.8
ANCESTRY (single or multiple)
Total population............................................................. 572,059 100.0
Total ancestries reported………………………………………………. 524,577 91.7
Arab................................................................................. 3,120 0.5
Czech 1 ................................................................................. 1,578 0.3
Danish................................................................................. 1,047 0.2
Dutch................................................................................. 2,879 0.5
English................................................................................. 25,214 4.4
French (except Basque) 1 ................................................................................. 6,942 1.2
French Canadian 1 ................................................................................. 1,431 0.3
German................................................................................. 27,415 4.8
Greek................................................................................. 1,893 0.3
Hungarian................................................................................. 2,048 0.4
Irish 1 ................................................................................. 28,207 4.9
Italian................................................................................. 12,587 2.2
Lithuanian................................................................................. 1,156 0.2
Norwegian................................................................................. 2,336 0.4
Polish................................................................................. 7,910 1.4
Portuguese................................................................................. 682 0.1
Russian................................................................................. 8,338 1.5
Scotch-Irish................................................................................. 4,185 0.7
Scottish................................................................................. 6,536 1.1
Slovak................................................................................. 640 0.1
Subsaharan African................................................................................. 16,000 2.8
Swedish................................................................................. 3,013 0.5
Swiss................................................................................. 1,153 0.2
Ukrainian................................................................................. 1,247 0.2
United States or American................................................................................. 9,919 1.7
Welsh................................................................................. 2,067 0.4
West Indian (excluding Hispanic groups).………. 7,861 1.4
Other ancestries…………………………………………….. 337,173 58.9

 

District of Columbia

Total: 572,059

Male:

269,366

Under 1 year

3,328

1 year

3,121

2 years

3,368

3 years

3,256

4 years

3,410

5 years

3,380

6 years

3,543

7 years

3,637

8 years

3,627

9 years

3,573

10 years

3,548

11 years

3,088

12 years

2,860

13 years

2,841

14 years

2,760

15 years

2,831

16 years

2,847

17 years

2,902

18 years

4,031

19 years

5,405

20 years

5,124

21 years

4,818

22 years

4,491

23 years

4,479

24 years

4,705

25 years

4,834

26 years

4,691

27 years

5,055

28 years

5,103

29 years

5,549

30 years

5,666

31 years

4,846

32 years

4,746

33 years

4,451

34 years

4,813

35 years

5,106

36 years

4,785

37 years

4,632

38 years

4,356

39 years

4,512

40 years

4,618

41 years

4,092

42 years

4,171

43 years

3,925

44 years

3,812

45 years

3,975

46 years

3,814

47 years

3,776

48 years

3,468

49 years

3,712

50 years

3,702

51 years

3,471

52 years

3,443

53 years

3,315

54 years

2,684

55 years

2,768

56 years

2,642

57 years

2,541

58 years

2,440

59 years

2,284

60 years

2,243

61 years

2,148

62 years

2,062

63 years

1,781

64 years

1,818

65 years

1,813

66 years

1,629

67 years

1,680

68 years

1,493

69 years

1,547

70 years

1,496

71 years

1,404

72 years

1,436

73 years

1,357

74 years

1,248

75 years

1,278

76 years

1,182

77 years

1,110

78 years

1,064

79 years

968

80 years

942

81 years

776

82 years

630

83 years

587

84 years

480

85 years

433

86 years

385

87 years

342

88 years

304

89 years

231

90 years

190

91 years

136

92 years

90

93 years

85

94 years

67

95 years

46

96 years

28

97 years

23

98 years

21

99 years

15

100 to 104 years

21

105 to 109 years

5

110 years and over

1

Female:

302,693

Under 1 year

3,190

1 year

3,159

2 years

3,110

3 years

3,218

4 years

3,376

5 years

3,410

6 years

3,535

7 years

3,533

8 years

3,549

9 years

3,598

10 years

3,435

11 years

3,028

12 years

2,899

13 years

2,846

14 years

2,713

15 years

2,714

16 years

2,801

17 years

2,958

18 years

4,880

19 years

6,498

20 years

5,900

21 years

5,496

22 years

5,475

23 years

5,568

24 years

5,767

25 years

5,698

26 years

5,276

27 years

5,423

28 years

5,435

29 years

5,785

30 years

5,687

31 years

4,846

32 years

4,786

33 years

4,521

34 years

4,551

35 years

4,814

36 years

4,654

37 years

4,390

38 years

4,296

39 years

4,404

40 years

4,537

41 years

4,164

42 years

4,110

43 years

4,204

44 years

4,095

45 years

4,373

46 years

4,076

47 years

4,085

48 years

4,045

49 years

4,073

50 years

4,250

51 years

4,029

52 years

4,037

53 years

3,827

54 years

3,155

55 years

3,222

56 years

3,271

57 years

3,111

58 years

2,831

59 years

2,693

60 years

2,783

61 years

2,362

62 years

2,429

63 years

2,194

64 years

2,160

65 years

2,196

66 years

2,054

67 years

2,145

68 years

1,945

69 years

2,023

70 years

2,199

71 years

2,123

72 years

2,005

73 years

2,070

74 years

2,056

75 years

2,038

76 years

1,940

77 years

1,956

78 years

1,758

79 years

1,682

80 years

1,636

81 years

1,367

82 years

1,309

83 years

1,206

84 years

1,095

85 years

1,086

86 years

938

87 years

773

88 years

719

89 years

616

90 years

507

91 years

386

92 years

364

93 years

286

94 years

260

95 years

138

96 years

118

97 years

117

98 years

66

99 years

45

100 to 104 years

118

105 to 109 years

8

110 years and over

7

Geographic area


Population


Housing
units


Area in square miles


Density per square
mile of land area


Total
area


Water
area


Land
area


Population


Housing
units

District of Columbia

572,059 274,845 68.34 6.94 61.40 9,316.4 4,476.1

PLACE

Washington city, District of Columbia

572,059 274,845 68.34 6.94 61.40 9,316.4 4,476.1


BOARD OF TRADE POTOMAC INDEX

CITY'S BLACK POPULATION DROPS 14% IN DECADE

Number of married couples living with own children: 37,532
Number of households with young children headed by single woman: 45,455
Number of households with young children headed by single man: 5,912
Number of persons living in college dorms: 19,322

Children under 5

1970: 59,735
1980: 34,365
1990: 37,351
2000: 32,536 Decline: 45%

Persons 5-24

1970: 273,893
1980: 205,938
1990: 201,017
2000: 155,093 Decline: 43%

- Increase in same-sex couples living in DC 1990-2000: 66% Number: 3,500
- DC neighborhoods with less than ten same-sex couples: More than half.
- DC neighborhoods with in which same sex couples comprise about 5% of all households: Dupont Cirlcle, U Street, Capitol Hill.

The massive loss of DC's children that occurred in the 1970s and 1980s slowed in the 1990s according to the latest Census. DC now has 115,000 young people or 20% of its total population. Other trends:

- 43% of DC residents live alone.

- The number of households remained virtually unchanged in the past decade. There are now 248,000 households, 61,000 of them headed by single parents.

- 15,000 DC residents live with unmarried partners.

Year Resident Population
 2001 571,822
2000 572,059
1990 606,900
1980 638,432
1970 756,668
1960 763,956
1950 802,178
1940 663,091
1930 486,869
1920 437,571
1910 331,069
1900 278,718
1890 230,392
1880 177,624
1870 131,700
1860 75,080
1850 51,687
1840 33,745
1830 30,261
1820 23,336
1810 15,471
1800 8,144


69% of the drop in population between 1980 and 1998 occurred in the four eastern (and heavily black wards). Wards 5, 7, and 8 lost at least 25% of their population and more than 30% of their children.

Area population, 1965: 2.4 million
Area population: 2000: 4.8 million

Shaw census data