MID EAST UNDERNEWS

The Progressive Review

Al Qaeda Afghanistan  Iraq Iran  ISIS
Israel & Palestine 

  Libya 

 Mideast water

 Oil Wars

Syria

How US helped to create ISIS

ISIS would fit inside a football stadium

NBC News - Gen. James Clapper, the director of national intelligence, told Congress the intelligence community now estimates that 3,400 citizens from Western nations have traveled to Syria and Iraq. That's 700 more than November's estimate of 2,700 -- though officials say some portion of the higher headcount represents improved intelligence, not new recruits....

The U.S. intelligence community has also upped its estimate of the number of foreign fighters from all over the world, not just the West. Clapper said that ISIS now has 20,000 foreign fighters, up from 16,000 last fall, out of a total fighting force of as many as 31,000...

U.S. agencies have differed on the overall size of the ISIS fighting force, with the intelligence community sticking with a range of 20,000 to 31,500 while the Pentagon thinks the number could be as low as 17,000. The intelligence community's estimate is built on reports from other intelligence agencies in the Arab world and the West. Those numbers often cover different reporting periods and can be inconsistent in their specificity.

Middle East running out of water

Word: Why the Muslim world changed

Ismael Hossein-zadeh, Counterpunch - The history of the relationship between the modern Western world and the Muslim world shows that, contrary to distorted popular perceptions in the West, from the time of their initial contacts with the capitalist West more than two centuries ago until almost the final third of the twentieth century, the Muslim people were quite receptive of the economic and political models of the modern world.

During that period of more than a century and a half, the majority of the political elite and/or national leaders viewed the rise of the modern West, and its spread into their territories, as an inevitable historical development that challenged them to chart their own programs of reform and development. Not only did the political elite, the intellectuals, and government leaders view reform and modernization as the way of the future, but so did many Islamic leaders and scholars, known as “Islamic modernizers”

It was only after more than a century and a half of imperialistic pursuits and a series of humiliating policies in the region that the popular masses of the Muslim world turned to religion and the conservative religious leaders as sources of defiance, mobilization, and self-respect. This historical background indicates that for many Muslims the recent turn to religion often represents not so much a rejection of Western values and achievements as it is a way to resist or defy the oppressive policies and alliances of Western powers in the Muslim world. It also means that explanations of derailed and delayed historical transitions in the Muslim world, that is, of an Islamic reformation, rest more with the policies of the Western powers in the region than the alleged rigidity of Islam, or “the clash of civilizations.”

Why are we fighting in the Mid East anyway?

Sarwar Kashmer, US News - Prof. Larry Goodson of the U.S. Army War College has told me he believes the Middle East is in the midst of a 30 Years War, similar to the one that roiled Europe from 1618-1648. It is an intriguing comparison with which I largely agree.

The 30 Years War wasn’t just one war, but actually a series of wars fought by numerous nations for a variety of reasons, including religious, dynastic, territorial and commercial rivalries. Its destructive campaigns and battles occurred over most of Europe. It is conventionally held to have begun after the future Holy Roman emperor Ferdinand II, in his role as king of Bohemia, attempted to limit the religious activities of non-Catholic groups and impose Roman Catholicism on his domain. Needless to say, the Protestant nobles of Bohemia and Austria rose up in rebellion.

When the war ended, the notion of a Roman Catholic empire in Europe, headed spiritually by a pope and temporally by an emperor, was permanently abandoned. With the signing of the treaty of Westphalia in 1648, the essential structure of modern Europe as a community of sovereign states was established.

As was the European 30 Years War, the mayhem in the Middle East today is fueled by a series of wars fought by multiple nations on multiple fronts, ranging from the borders of Iran to the borders of Turkey and down to the Arabian Sea. The reasons behind the wars in the Middle East are as numerous and complex as the ones that drove the the 30 Years War.

Overlay on top of this the fact that the map of the Middle East as we know it now is largely the creation of France and Britain, the early 20th century’s colonial powers. Maps of the region prior to World War I have none of the countries that are at the heart of today’s war-torn Middle East. Today’s Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Yemen were created by the colonial powers after they carved up the Ottoman Empire, whose collapse was a casualty of the war. The borders of these countries are no more than lines in the sand created for commercial reasons to suit the balance sheets of the colonial powers. Likewise, today’s Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar came to be in the years after World War I. All three rose to prominence after the discovery of oil, and they are largely dependent on a ongoing a commercial understanding with the West: These countries receive protection from the West, which seeks, in return, a steady flow of oil.

... When all is said and done, the Middle East will emerge from its torment stronger and more stable than it is now. The new map of the region probably will not look anything like it does now. It may have new borders, countries and even governments. And in the end, this is a conflict that cannot and should not be influenced by the United States. It is a transformation that must be undertaken by the Arabs themselves.

Sarwar Kashmeri is a fellow of the Foreign Policy Association and an adjunct professor at Norwich University. His most recent book was “NATO 2.0; Reboot or Delete?”

Great summary of why we screw up so badly in the Mid East

Maybe war doesn't work

Paris: Beyond the anger

John Kerry boosts Mid East anger at U.S.

Security Council votes to keep Mid East conflict going

America in the Mid East: Three decades of failure

I'm confused

Word: Mid East

Word: A Quaker look at the Mid East

Time for Kurdistan?

40 maps that explain the Mid East

56% of Americans support an interim deal with Iran that would ease some economic sanctions on that country in exchange for concessions on Iran's nuclear program.

Former CIA official shocks House committee with the truth about Mid East policy

The Mid East explained

Name one significant thing the American government has done since 9/11 to make it less likely that some in the MId East would want to attack it.

2012

The wars in the Middle East are not just about oil; they're about gas

The good old days

LEGITGOV

What Arab Spring was really about

The truth is that the Arab Spring uprisings, not just in Libya but across the Arab world, drew much of their explosive strength from the combination of very different people and strands of opinion united by hatred of oppressive and corrupt autocracies.

Infrequently asked qustions:

If Osama bin Laden was so important, why haven't we done better against Al Qaeda without him?

American Mid East terrorism since 1981

Proportional representation key to a new Mid East

U.S. insisted U.N. exempt mercenary murders from prosecution

American hypocrisy in the Middle East

TEN GREAT COMMANDMENTS FOR MID EAST POLICY

OASES IN THE DESERT OF MID EAST DEBATE

Study finds little difference in Obama and Bush troop deployment

Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Al Jazeera

Al Jazeera director resigns amidst 'US intelligence links' row

Al Jazeera uncovers another anti-Muslim course by US military for its officers

Al Qaeda

What difference has Osama bin Laden's death made?

When in history has a country as powerful as America been as afraid of a force as small as Al Qaeda?

If Bin Laden is dead why aren't we safer?

Personal to NSA: Forget Snowden, the president is cutting deals with Al Qaeda

How do we tell when we're meant to surrender our Constitution to fight Al Queda and when we're meant to give them more arms?

Recovered history: Back when we liked At Qaeda's predecessors

America's strange ally: Al Qaeda

.@Harpers - Percentage of U.S. veterans from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan seeking disability benefits: 45

How Bush and Obama strengthened Al Qaeda

The Al Qaeda scorecard

Obama Has Awlaki’s 16-year old son, friends killed at dinner

Navy Seals did die in vain

What Al Qaeda really accomplished

The Al Qaeda Myth: Never has American spent so much and lost so many to defeat so few

The unnoticed, unreported part of the Bin Laden story
 
Bin Laden cost us $3 trillion
 
Bin Laden: The monster America built
 
Oh shucks, Bin Laden not quite the cause of all our problems

What Bin Laden was really up to

Forgotten tales of Bin Laden
 
Now that Bin Laden's dead, can we have our country back again?
 
WHERE'S BIN BEEN?

Dubai

WHY YOU MAY NOT WISH TO GO TO DUBAI

Egypt

The Egypt back story


A 12 year old who should be running
for president of Egypt

TSA Chief Pistole helped train Mubarak's thugs

Eric Holder: One reason Obama waffled on Egypt

The roots of the revolution

The CIA's role in Egypt

Iraq

IRAQ NEWS & ARTICLES

Iran

A few good words for Iran

2014

Word: Some sense about Iran and America

Juan Cole on where Iran stands now

Ten reasons Netanyahu is full of it on Iran

Uh oh, Iran's new president isn't quite behaving the way the American elite want

Surprise support for milder approach to Iran

Iran's Former Nuclear Negotiator Gives 'Ten Reasons Iran Doesn't Want the Bomb'

How many would die in attack on Iran?

Plops in the Iranian plot

Just a reminder

Israeli officials simmer down about Iran after meeting with US aides

Five top Israeli figures who don't want to bomb Iran

Obamadmin sending signals of no war against Iran

Iran and the 2012 election

AC/DC song used to hack Iran nuclear plant computers

The global dangers of our Iran strategy

US funded and trained Iranian group on terror list


INTERNETOCRACY

Three reasons not to attack Iran

Only 13% of Americans want military action against Iran

British preparing for possible U.S. attack on Iran

A plea from Iran

Haaretz says Peres is only politician who can stop Iran attack

OUR STRANGE HISTORY WITH IRAN

ISRAELI GENERALS AND INTEL CHIEFS OPPOSE ATTACK ON IRAN

OBAMA CHICKENS OUT ON A DEBATE WITH AHMADINEJAD

IRAN AYATOLLAH WANTS TONE DEAF RELIGION

SAUDI ARABIA GIVES ISRAEL CLEAR SKIES TO ATTACK IRANIAN NUCLEAR SITES

THE MYTH OF IRAN'S NUCLEAR POWER

TOP GENERAL: IRAN WOULD HAVE TO BE INVADED AND OCCUPIED TO STOP NUKE PROGRAM

THE REAL DANGER WE FACE IN IRAN

DOES THE IRANIAN THREAT SOUND FAMILIAR?

TOP WRONG BELIEFS ABOUT IRAN

AHMADINEJAD READY TO TALK WITH U.S.. . .BUT ONLY IN PUBLIC

BIG FEDERAL CONTRACTORS HELPING IRAN SPY ON ITS CITIZENS

AND NOW A WORD ABOUT THAT FAMOUS IRANIAN REFORM GROUP: THE NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY

WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THE IRANIAN ELECTIONS

THE MOUSAVI HIS SUPPORTERS DON'T REMEMBER

THE IRANIAN REVOLUTION IS NOT 14O CHARACTERS LONG

WESTERN MISCONCEPTIONS MEET IRANIAN REALITY

HILLARY CLINTON THREATENS IRAQ-TYPE WAR AGAINST IRAN

AHMADINEJAD SAYS TWO STATE SOLUTION IS FINE WITH HIM

IRAN WILLING TO ABANDON URANIUM ENRICHMENT, ENVOY SUGGESTS

FIVE FORMER SECRETARIES OF STATE SUPPORT DIRECT TALKS WITH IRAN

MAJOR ARMADA PREPARES FOR IRAN BLOCKADE

FORMER ISRAELI SPY CHIEF SAYS LAY OFF IRAN ATTACK

BUSH GIVES ISRAEL OKAY TO PREPARE FOR ATTACK ON IRAN

IRAN COUNTDOWN: OBAMA DOES TOUGH TALK

MAKING DEMOCRATS FACE THEIR INVOLVEMENT IN AN IRANIAN WAR

IF WE INVADE IRAN. . . . DAY BY DAY

BUSH REGIME THREATENS COMPANIES TO GET OUT OF IRAN

GALLERY: THE LAND WE'RE GETTING READY
TO BOMB

BUSH'S IRAN BAITING COULD LEAD TO DISASTER
SAYS UN NUCLEAR WATCHDOG

WHY IRAN SANCTIONS WON'T WORK

IN PRIVATE TALKS, ISRAELI FOREIGN MINISTER DOWNPLAYS IRANIAN NUKE THREAT

IRAN SAYS IT WILL FIRE OFF 11,000 ROCKETS WITHIN A MINUTE OF U.S. ATTACK

JOINT CHIEFS HEAD SAYS U.S. HAS ENOUGH FORCE TO ATTACK IRAN

A FEW THINGS OUR CANDIDATES DON'T KNOW ABOUT IRAN

TOP PENTAGON OFFICIAL "I HATE ALL IRANIANS"

PROGRESSIVE REVIEW STORIES

Israel & Palestine

ISIS

Why not negotiate with ISIS?

2014

American bombings grow ISIS

Who's winning the ISIS war?

Obama's ISIS strategy in tatters

Why the war on ISIS is illegal

American prisons helped build ISIS

War on ISIS could cost $22 billion a year

Why Netanyahu is full of it about Hamas and ISIS/ISIL

Obama telling us one thing about ground troops, his generals another

Obama didn't say anything about privatized boots on the ground

Something they forget to tell you about beheadings

Obama's no win approach to the Mid East

ISIS: Another US Mid East plot gone astray

We interrupt the panic for a few facts about ISIS

 Jordan

Jordan gets a Green Party

Why Jordan shies away from reform

Libya

Benghazi vs. Iraq War: Compare the lies and the deaths

CIA worked closely with Libya on tortures and renditions

Secret cables reveal America’s cozy relationship with Gaddafi

Why Libya isn't quite the moral issue Obama claims

Hillary Clinton: Obama ready to ignore Constitution & Congress on Libya

Media hiding CIA ties of Libyan rebel leader

Al Jazeera finds foreign troops on the ground in Libya

Obama's illegal war

Libya: Humanitarian neo-colonialism

U.S, aided Qaddafi with billions in loans through a covert banking operation

The CIA in Libya

Australian - In one of three interviews yesterday, Mr Obama said the rebels were “saying the right things” so far. “Most of them are professionals, lawyers, doctors, people who appear to be credible,” he told CBS.

Great former thoughts of Barack Obama: President Barack Obama, as an Illinois state senator in 2002, said that using military force to topple a murderous dictator amounted to a “dumb war” and should be opposed. The “dumb war” Obama was criticizing was the planned invasion of Iraq and the murderous dictator was its leader, Saddam Hussein. - CNS

Amazing video of Obama sampling Bush

Cost of Libya Intervention $600 Million for First Week

Libya: Another war that could go on forever 

The most comprehensive study of how to write and pronounce that Libyan thug's name

When Biden said president should be impeached for starting war without congressional approval

Obama violates Constitution with undeclared war

The dangers of intervention in Libya

Arab League shaken by shift from no-fly to you-die zone

US supports Libyan war crimes resolution as long as it doesn't include Americans

Muslims

138 MUSLIM SCHOLARS CALL FOR PEACE TALKS WITH CHRISTIAN LEADERS FOR THE "SURVIVAL OF THE WORLD"

MUSLIMS FEEL SNUBBED BY OBAMA

Why Pastor Jones didn't cause deaths in Afghanistan

MUSLIMS PRAY 80 FEET FROM PENTAGON 9/11 SITE

GALLERY: STUFF THE SAME DISTANCE FROM GROUND ZERO
AS THE PROPOSED MUSLIM CENTER

ANTI-MOSQUE CROWD ALIGNS ITSELF WITH AL QAEDA

Pakistan

How not to reduce violence

Panetta threatens invasion of Pakistan

GOP senator talks up possiblity of war with Pakistan

Guardian: Pakistan agreed to Bin Laden deal a decade ago. . .complete with simulated outrage
 
Saudi Arabia

Questions about how one goes about blowing up a Saudi Arabian ambassador in an overpriced Washington restaurant

New questions about Saudi figures and 9/11

Lloyds' mysteriously drops suit against Saudi Arabia over 9/11

Stats
 
Over a million killed in America's Mid East wars
 
United Arab Emirates
 
Why does U.S. have mercenaries in the United Arab Emirates?

GROUPS

MIDDLE EAST
ABRAHAM FUND
AD HOC COMMITTEE TO DEFEND THE UNIVERSITY

ANTI-WAR CELEBS
ARAB-AMERICAN DISCRIMINATION LEAGUE

ARTISTS FOR PEACE
BLACK VOICES FOR PEACE
BRING THEM HOME NOW

CALL TO CONSCIENCE
CAMPAIGN AGAINST SANCTIONS
COALITION OF WOMEN FOR PEACE
CODE PINK

COUNCIL ON AMERICAN-ISLAMIC RELATIONS
DIVEST FROM ISRAEL
END THE OCCUPATION

FOUNDATION FOR MIDDLE EAST PEACE
GLOSSARY OF OCCUPATION

GUSH SHALOM
HISTORIANS AGAINST THE WAR
INTERNATIONAL ACTION CENTER
ISRAELI BOYCOTT

INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY MOVEMENT
IRAQ PLEDGE OF RESISTANCE
JEWS FOR PEACE IN PALESTINE  & ISRAEL
JEWISH UNITY FOR A JUST PEACE
JEWISH VOICE FOR PEACE

JEWISH VOICES AGAINST THE OCCUPATION
LABOR AND THE WAR
MEDIA WORKERS AGAINST WAR
MIDDLE EAST REALITIES

MIDDLE EAST RSRCH & INFO PROJECT
MIDDLE EAST TIME LINE
MUSLIM PEACE FELLOWSHIP

NOT IN MY NAME
NATIONAL YOUTH & STUDENT PEACE COALITION
NOT IN MY NAME
NOT IN OUR NAME
OCCUPATION WATCH CENTER
ONE STATE SOLUTION

PALESTINIAN SOCIETY FOR PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS & ENVIROMENT
PEACEFUL ENDS THROUGH PEACEFUL MEANS

POETS AGAINST THE WAR
SOLDIERS FOR THE TRUTH
STOP WORLD WAR 3

STUDENTS FOR JUSTICE IN PALESTINE
SUSTAIN (STOP AID TO ISRAEL)

TARGET OIL
WOMEN IN BLACK
VETERANS AGAINST THE IRAQ WAR
VETERANS FOR COMMON SENSE
VISIONS OF PEACE WITH JUSTICE IN ISRAEL/PALESTINE
VOICES IN THE WILDERNESS
UNITED FOR PEACE & JUSTICE
US LABOR AGAINST THE WAR

WALK OUT ON WAR
WAR STRIKE
WIN WITHOUT WAR

WOMEN IN BLACK

MID EAST INFORMATION

BODY COUNT
CHICKENHAWK DATABASE
COOPERATIVE RESEARCH
COST OF IRAQ WAR BY STATE
CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION
FACTS ABOUT ARABS
GLOBAL SECURITY

GULF WAR I ARCHIVES
HOW MUCH WILL WAR
    COST YOUR STATE?
MAP OF MIDDLE EAST

PEACE MOVEMENT INFO
POP QUIZ
RELIEF WEB
TEACHING THE WAR
WHAT IS ISLAM?

MID EAST MEDiA

AL-JAZEERA
ANTI-WAR
ARAB NEWS

ARAB NEWSPAPERS
ARUTZ SHEVA NEWS SERVICE

BEIRUT DAILY STAR
DAWN - PAKISTAN

DEBKA FILE
DEMOCRACY NOW

ELECTRONIC INTIFADA
ELECTRONIC IRAQ
GULF TIMES

HAARETZ
IRANIAN

JANG - PAKISTAN
JERUSALEM POST
PALESTINE CHRONICLE
TEHRAN TIMES
TURKISH DAILY NEWS

WAR REPORT
WAR TIMES