BACK TO MAIN STATS PAGE
Nearly one in five American women now ends her reproductive years without children, up from one in ten in the 1970s.. . . Global birth rates dropped from six children per woman to 2.9 between 1972 and 2008 as people migrated to cities. . . And the sheep-to-human ratio in New Zealand, which currently stands at 10 to 1, seems sure to increase, since a staggering 18 percent of adult men there have elected to get vasectomies. - Details
Life span of least educated whites is shrinking NY Times - For generations of Americans, it was a given that children would live longer than their parents. But there is now mounting evidence that this enduring trend has reversed itself for the countryâs least-educated whites, an increasingly troubled group whose life expectancy has fallen by fou..
According to a government report, todays 65-year-olds can expect to live longer to age 85, compared to 79 in 1980 and healthier than previous generations. Deaths from heart disease and stroke have dropped almost 50 percent, which has helped to increase the average life expectancy for Americans.
Less impressive, however, is when you go back earlier. The life expectancy of a 65 year old has only gone up 8 years since 1900. For an 85 year old, it's gone up 2.7 years. Improvements in health have affected young Americans far more than older ones.
Among opposite-sex married couples, one in 10 (5.4 million couples) are interracial, a 28% jump since 2000. In 2010, 18% of heterosexual unmarried couples were of different races (1.2 million couples) and 21% of same-sex couples (133,477 couples) were mixed.- USA Today
How long Americans live, by state and county. (Be sure to move the year marker under map to most recent)
Why won't the environmental movement deal with population? NUMBER OF TONS OF CO2 SAVED FOR EACH MILLION
INVESTED IN ABOVE PROJECTS
JARED DIAMOND IN NY TIMES - The estimated one billion people who live in developed countries have a relative per capita consumption rate of 32. Most of the world's other 5.5 billion people constitute the developing world, with relative per capita consumption rates below 32, mostly down toward 1. . .Each of us 300 million Americans consumes as much as 32 Kenyans. With 10 times the population, the United States consumes 320 times more resources than Kenya does. . .
If India as well as China were to catch up, world consumption rates would triple. If the whole developing world were suddenly to catch up, world rates would increase elevenfold. It would be as if the world population ballooned to 72 billion people (retaining present consumption rates).
Just over 4m babies were born in America in 2010, some 3% less than the previous year, according to a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2010 the total fertility rate of 1,932 births per 1,000 women fell further below the replacement rate of 2,100 births for the third year running. . . .Meanwhile, the birth rate for teenagers aged 15-19 continues to fall. Last year it reached a record low
The proportion of Californians who moved from out of state reached a 100-year low of about 20% in 2010, and the decade measured by the most recent census was the first in a century in which the majority of Californians were native-born.
Earth Policy Institute, 2011 - Fertility rates tend to be highest in the world's least developed countries. When mortality rates decline quickly but fertility rates fail to follow, countries can find it harder to reduce poverty. Poverty, in turn, increases the likelihood of having many children, trapping families and countries in a vicious cycle. Conversely, countries that quickly slow population growth can receive a "demographic bonus": the economic and social rewards that come from a smaller number of young dependents relative to the number of working adults.
For longer term population stability the goal is to reach replacement-level fertility, which is close to 2 children per woman in places where mortality rates are low. Industrial countries as a group have moved below this level. Some developing countries have made progress in reducing fertility, but fertility rates in the least developed countries as a group remain above 4 children per woman.
It turns out that every society that offers a range of contraceptive options and information to women has a fertility rate of two children or fewer - and this includes developing countries such as Iran and Thailand. Today the average size of a family has shrunk from five children to two and a half. - Ellen Goodman
The average number of children per Japanese family today is, low and behold,the same as in China. The difference being that in China it's by state mandate; in Japan it's by choice.- Michael Thomas Cibenko, New Oxford Review
Japan's population peaked in 2005, and will plunge from its current 127 million to just 89 million in 2050 -- a decline of 30 percent. In terms of median age, Japan is currently the oldest nation on earth - Japanese government
Business Wire - La Paz County, Ariz. -- located on the California border and home to the Colorado River Indian Reservation -- has the country's oldest population, according to U.S. Census Bureau county population estimates. Webb County (Laredo), Texas -- on the Mexican border in the southern part of the state -- has the country's youngest population, with children younger than 5 comprising 12.8 percent.
La Paz -- with 32 percent of its population 65 or older on July 1, 2007 -- led 24 counties with at least one-quarter of their populations 65 or older. Nine of these counties were in Florida, with four in Texas and three in Michigan.
Meanwhile, 302 counties, or nearly one in every 10, are "majority-minority" -- meaning the county had a population with more than 50 percent minority residents.
Among the majority-minority counties with a minority population of 1 million or more were Bronx, N.Y.; Miami-Dade, Fla.; Los Angeles, Calif.; Queens, N.Y.; Bexar (San Antonio) and Dallas, Texas; San Bernardino, Calif.; Kings (Brooklyn), N.Y.; Harris (Houston), Texas; Santa Clara (San Jose) and Riverside, Calif.; Cook (Chicago), Ill.; and Orange, Calif.
Los Angeles County had the largest minority population in the country in 2007. At 7 million, or 71 percent of its total, Los Angeles County was home to one in every 14 of the nation's minority residents. The county's minority population was higher than the total population of all but 12 states.
Maricopa County, Ariz., gained 79,000 minority residents between 2006 and 2007, to lead the nation. Maricopa (Phoenix is its largest city) now has a minority population of 1.6 million, comprising 41 percent of its total. Its minority population ranks seventh nationally.
Based on total population, Starr County in south Texas had the highest proportion of minorities of all counties, at 98 percent. All but two of the top 10 counties in this category were along or near the Mexican border.
Highlights for the various groups:
-- Los Angeles County had the largest Hispanic population of any county in the nation (4.7 million).
-- Maricopa County had the largest numeric increase between 2006 and 2007, gaining 60,700 Hispanics.
-- Starr County had the largest Hispanic proportion of its total population at 97.3 percent. In fact, each of the top 10 counties in this category was in Texas.
-- There were 46 majority-Hispanic counties. All but two -- Seward, Kan., and Bronx, N.Y. -- were in the South or the West. The remaining such counties were in Florida, Texas, Arizona, California, New Mexico and Washington.
-- Cook County (Chicago) had the largest black population (1.4 million).
-- Orleans Parish, La., had the largest numeric increase in the black population from 2006 to 2007 (20,800). Neighboring St. Bernard Parish had the largest percent increase over the period (97.3 percent).
-- Claiborne County, Miss., had the largest percent of population that was black (84.5 percent). Claiborne led 82 majority-black counties or equivalents, all but one of which (St. Louis city, Mo.) was in the South.
-- Los Angeles County had the largest Asian population (1.4 million).
-- Santa Clara County, Calif., had the largest numeric increase (18,400) in the Asian population from 2006 to 2007.
-- Honolulu County, Hawaii had the largest proportion of Asians as part of the total county population (58.8 percent). Kauai County, Hawaii (50.6 percent) was the only other majority Asian county in the nation. Four of the five counties that had the largest proportion of Asians were in Hawaii - including Maui County (45 percent) and Hawaii County (44.4 percent). San Francisco County, Calif., (33.3 percent) completed the top five.
American Indian and Alaska Native
-- Los Angeles County had the largest population of American Indians and Alaska Natives in 2007 (146,500).
-- Maricopa County had the largest numeric increase in this group from 2006 to 2007 (2,300).
-- Shannon County, S.D., had the largest percent of total population who were American Indian or Alaska Natives (87 percent). It led 10 counties that were more than 50 percent American Indian or Alaska Native.
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
-- Honolulu County had the nation's largest Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population (172,200).
-- Clark County, Nev., and Maricopa County had the largest numeric increases in this population from 2006 to 2007 -- 800 and 700, respectively.
-- The four counties with the largest percent of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders were all in Hawaii - Hawaii (28.6 percent), Maui (23.4 percent), Kauai (22.9 percent) and Honolulu (19.0 percent).
Non-Hispanic White alone
-- Los Angeles County had the largest population (2.9 million) of non-Hispanic white alone residents.
-- Maricopa County had the largest numeric increase in the non-Hispanic white alone population between July 1, 2006, and July 1, 2007, growing by 22,600 people.
-- Magoffin County, Ky., had the highest non-Hispanic single-race white population as a proportion of the total population of any county in the nation (98.9 percent).
-- Four of the 10 counties with the highest proportion of children younger than 5 were in Texas. Two each were in South Dakota and Washington.
-- In 26 counties, 10 percent or more of the total population was younger than 5.
US POPULATION GROWTH
ARIZONA COUNTY GAINED MORE PEOPLE IN LAST SIX YEARS THAN TOTAL POPULATION OF ALL BUT 15 U.S. CITIES
CENSUS - Maricopa County, Ariz., gained 696,000 residents between 2000 and 2006, the largest numerical increase of the nation's 3,141 counties, according to estimates released today by the U.S. Census Bureau. This increase surpasses the total population of all but 15 U.S. cities. Maricopa County, which includes Phoenix, has 3.8 million residents, making it the nation's fourth largest county.
Harris County, Texas, had the second largest numeric increase between 2000 and 2006, at 486,000, and totaled 3.9 million. Riverside, Calif. (481,000); Los Angeles (429,000); and Clark, Nev. (402,000) rounded out the top five county gainers. (See Table 1.)
Among the 20 fastest-growing counties from 2000 to 2006, 13 were in the South, four in the West and three in the Midwest.
POPULATION TO HIT 438 MILLION BYU 2050
USA TODAY - The U.S. population will soar to 438 million by 2050 and the Hispanic population will triple, according to projections released Monday by the Pew Research Center. The latest projections by the non-partisan research group are higher than government estimates to date and paint a portrait of an America dramatically different from today's. The projected growth in the U.S. population - 303 million today - will be driven primarily by immigration among all groups except the elderly. . .
Even if immigration is limited, Hispanics' share of the population will increase because they have higher birth rates than the overall population. That's largely because Hispanic immigrants are younger than the nation's aging baby boom population. By 2030, all 79 million boomers will be at least 65 and the elderly will grow faster than any other age group.
The projections show that by 2050:
- one in five Americans will have been born outside the USA vs. one in eight in 2005. Sometime between 2020 and 2025, the percentage of foreign-born will surpass the historic peak reached a century ago during the last big immigration wave.
- Whites who are not Hispanic, now two-thirds of the population, will become a minority when their share drops to 47%. They made up 85% of the population in 1960.
- Hispanics, already the largest minority group, will more than double their share of the population to 29%.
- Blacks will remain 13% of the population. Asians will go to 9% from 5%.
2006. . . .
MARRIED COUPLES NOW A MINORITY OF AMERICAN HOUSEHOLDS
SAM ROBERTS, NY TIMES - Married couples, whose numbers have been declining for decades as a proportion of American households, have finally slipped into a minority, according to an analysis of new census figures by The New York Times. The American Community Survey, released this month by the Census Bureau, found that 49.7 percent, or 55.2 million, of the nation's 111.1 million households in 2005 were made up of married couples - with and without children - just shy of a majority and down from more than 52 percent five years earlier. . .
The census survey estimated that 5.2 million couples, a little more than 5 percent of households, were unmarried opposite-sex partners. An additional 413,000 households were male couples, and 363,000 were female couples. In all, nearly one in 10 couples were unmarried. (One in 20 households consisted of people living alone).
And the numbers of unmarried couples are growing. Since 2000, those identifying themselves as unmarried opposite-sex couples rose by about 14 percent, male couples by 24 percent and female couples by 12 percent. . .
The survey revealed wide disparities in household composition by place. The proportion of married couples ranged from more than 69 percent in Utah County, Utah, which includes Provo, to 26 percent in Manhattan, which has a smaller share of married couples than almost anyplace in the country.
Number more immigrants we would have in this country if we had the same percentage of foreign born as in 1915: 7 million
OUT OF WEDLOCK BIRTHS HIT NEW ALL-TIME HIGH. . .BUT NOT AMONG TEENS
MSNBC - Out-of-wedlock births in the United States have climbed to an all-time high, accounting for nearly four in 10 babies born last year, government health officials said. While out-of-wedlock births have long been associated with teen mothers, the teen birth rate actually dropped last year to the lowest level on record. Instead, births among unwed mothers rose most dramatically among women in their 20s.
Experts said the overall rise reflects the burgeoning number of people who are putting off marriage or living together without getting married. They said it also reflects the fact that having a child out of wedlock is more acceptable nowadays and not necessarily the source of shame it once was.
The increase in births to unwed mothers was seen in all racial groups, but rose most sharply among Hispanics. It was up among all age groups except youngsters ages 10 to 17. . .
The government also reported that the rate of births by Caesarean delivery continued to climb in 2005 to a record high, despite efforts by public health authorities to bring down the number. Many experts believe a large number of C-sections are medically unnecessary and done only for the convenience of the mother or her doctor. . .
About 4.1 million babies were born in the United States last year, up slightly from 2004. . . More women in their 30s and 40s, hearing their biological clock, are choosing to give birth despite their single status. . . The U.S. teen birth rate is still the highest among industrialized countries
NATION NOW ONE THIRD MINORITY
CENSUS BUREAU - About 1-in-every-3 U.S. residents was part of a group other than single-race non-Hispanic white according to national estimates by race, Hispanic origin and age released today by the U.S. Census Bureau. In 2005, the nation's minority population totaled 98 million, or 33 percent, of the country's total of 296.4 million.
Hispanics continue to be the largest minority group at 42.7 million. With a 3.3 percent increase in population from July 1, 2004, to July 1, 2005, they are the fastest-growing group. The second largest minority group was blacks (39.7 million), followed by Asians (14.4 million), American Indians and Alaska natives (4.5 million) and native Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders (990,000). The population of non-Hispanic whites who indicated no other race totaled 198.4 million in 2005.
The Hispanic population in 2005 was much younger with a median age of 27.2 years compared to the population as a whole at 36.2 years. About a third of the Hispanic population was under 18, compared with one-fourth of the total population.
The black population, in 2005, was younger with a median age of 30.0 years compared to the population as a whole at 36.2 years. About 31 percent of the black population was under 18, compared with 25 percent of the total population.
2005. . . .
NEARLY HALF OF U.S. CHILDREN UNDER 5 ARE MINORITIES
WASHINGTON POST - Nearly half of the nation's children under 5 are racial or ethnic minorities, and the percentage is increasing mainly because the Hispanic population is growing so rapidly, according to a census report released today. Hispanics are the nation's largest and fastest-growing minority group. They accounted for 49 percent of the country's growth from 2004 to 2005, the report shows. And the increase in young children is largely a Hispanic story, driving 70 percent of the growth in children younger than 5. Forty-five percent of U.S. children younger than 5 are minorities. . .
In some parts of the country, the transformation is more visible than in others. Large swaths of the upper Midwest are still mainly non-Hispanic white. But minorities are a majority of children younger than 5 in the Washington area, according to previously released census numbers. That is also true in Miami, Houston, Los Angeles and other high-immigration regions.
BLACKS, LATINOS SHIFTING FROM CITIES
LESLIE FULBRIGHT, SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE - Minority populations shifted dramatically within the United States between 1990 and 2004 as Hispanics and Asians moved away from large metropolitan areas and blacks moved to the South, according to a new study. The report by the Brookings Institution think tank in Washington shows that although older large cities still house the majority of Hispanics and nonwhites in the United States, Hispanics, Asians and blacks increasingly are moving to smaller metropolitan areas that historically have been largely white. . . Between 1990 and 2004, the percentage of the nation's Hispanics who lived in New York and Los Angeles dropped from 30 percent to 23 percent. . . States in the South saw a large increase in their black populations. Fifty-six percent of the nation's blacks now live in the South; the most notable shift has been to Texas, North Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The move to the South appears to be accelerating -- 72 percent of the population growth among the nation's blacks from 2000 to 2004 happened there. The Atlanta region's black population soon will overtake that of Chicago, the report finds. "African-Americans are leaving the inner city and buying houses in a better neighborhood with better school districts," he said.
ARAB POPULATION - Of the 281 million people in the United States, approximately 850,000 reported Arab ancestries and no others. This group represented 0.3 percent of the total population in 2000, compared with 0.2 percent in 1990. An additional 340,000 people reported an Arab and a non-Arab ancestry, meaning that a total of 1,190,000 people reported at least one Arab ancestry.
- Life expectancy in the U.S. is at an all-time high among men and women, black and white. . . Heart disease, cardiovascular disease and stroke have fallen dramatically in the last 15 years. Incidence of, and deaths from, cancer have dropped every year since 1990.
- Concentration levels of every major air pollutant have dropped dramatically since 1970.
- According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, there were just 19 major armed conflicts in 2003, down from 44 in 1995. . . . According to the Human Security Report, published by the University of British Columbia, 700,000 people died in battle in 1951. By the 1990s, the number had fallen to 40,000-100,000. In 2002, it was just 15,000.
- Yale University's David Dollar has pointed out that since 1980, the total number of people living on less than $1 per day has actually fallen by 200 million, despite the fact that the world's population increased by 1.8 billion. It's the first time in recorded history that that has happened. The UN's 2004 Human Development Report notes that real per capita incomes in the developing world have more than doubled since 1975. In some provinces in China, incomes are doubling every few months.
- Between 1960 and 2000, life expectancy in developing countries increased from 46 to 63 years. Mortality rates of children under five are half of what they were forty years ago. [Fox News]
Top ten baby names by sex
Top ten baby names by sex
AP - Explosive growth among Hispanics and Asians fueled a surge in the U.S. population between 2000 and 2003 as the national count pushed closer to 300 million. Hispanics, the nation's largest minority group, rose 13 percent between April 2000 and July 2003 to 39.9 million, according to Census Bureau figures released Monday. That far outpaced the 3 percent increase in the [overall] American populace during the same time, to 290.8 million. Asians were the next-fastest-growing among the large minority groups, up 12.6 percent to 11.9 million, while the black population rose nearly 4 percent to 37 million. About 4.3 million people listed themselves as of more than one race, up 10.5 percent from 2000.
BUSINESS WEEK - Hispanics made up half of all new workers in the past decade, a trend that will lift them from roughly 12% of the workforce today to nearly 25% two generations from now. Despite low family incomes, which at $33,000 a year lag the national average of $42,000, Hispanics' soaring buying power increasingly influences the food Americans eat, the clothes they buy, and the cars they drive. Companies are scrambling to revamp products and marketing to reach the fastest-growing consumer group. Latino flavors are seeping into mainstream culture, too. With Hispanic youth a majority of the under-18 set, or close to it, in cities such as Los Angeles, Miami, and San Antonio, what's hip there is spreading into suburbia, much the way rap exploded out of black neighborhoods in the late 1980s.
Hispanic political clout is growing, too. In a Presidential race that's likely to be as tight as the last one, they could be a must-win swing bloc. Indeed, the increase in voting-age Hispanics since 2000 now outstrips the margin of victory in seven states for either President George W. Bush or former Vice-President Albert Gore, according to a new study by HispanTelligence, a Santa Barbara (Calif.) research group...
The U.S. has never faced demographic change quite like this before... Already, Latinos are a key catalyst of economic growth. Their disposable income has jumped 29% since 2001, to $652 billion last year, double the pace of the rest of the population, according to the Selig Center for Economic Growth at the University of Georgia. Similarly, the ranks of Latino entrepreneurs has jumped by 30% since 1998, calculates the Internal Revenue Service. "The impact of Hispanics is huge, especially since they're the fastest-growing demographic," says Merrill Lynch & Co. Vice-President Carlos Vaquero, himself a Mexican immigrant based in Houston.
BROOKINGS - Unparalleled immigration in the 1980s and 1990s transformed many older immigrant gateways and created new ones. An analysis of immigration to metropolitan areas during the 20th century using U.S. Census data reveals that:
- The U.S. foreign-born population grew 57.4 percent in the 1990s; by 2000 nearly one-third of U.S. immigrants resided outside established settlement states. Thirteen states primarily in the West and Southeastincluding many that had not previously been major destinations for immigrantssaw foreign-born growth rates more than double the national average. These states included, Colorado, Georgia, Nevada, and North Carolina.
- Historical settlement patterns along with recent influxes of immigrants have produced six major types of U.S. immigrant "gateways." Former gateways, like Cleveland and Buffalo, attracted immigrants in the early 1900s but no longer do. Continuous gateways such as New York and Chicago are long-established destinations for immigrants and continue to receive large numbers of the foreign-born. Post-World War II gateways like Los Angeles and Miami began attracting immigrants on a grand scale during the past 50 years. Atlanta, Dallas, and Washington, D.C., meanwhile, stand out as emerging gateways with fast immigrant growth during the past 20 years. Seattle and the Twin Citiesplaces that began the 20th century with strong immigrant pullswaned as destinations during the middle of the century, but are now re-emerging as important immigrant gateways. Finally, Salt Lake City and Raleigh-Durham are very recent immigrant destinations, having attracted significant numbers of immigrants in the 1990s alone. These are the pre-emerging gateways.
- By 2000 more immigrants in metropolitan areas lived in suburbs than cities, and their growth rates there exceeded those in the cities. Most notably, immigrants in emerging gateways are far more likely to live in the suburbs than in central cities.
- Recent arrivals to the newest immigrant gateways tend to come from Asia or Mexico, are poorer than the native-born population, and have low English proficiency and lower rates of U.S. citizenship. By contrast, continuous and post-World War II gateways have longer-residing immigrant populations, immigrant poverty rates similar to those of the native population, and relatively higher rates of naturalization, although English proficiency remains low.
WASHINGTON TIMES - Net immigration to the United States rose dramatically by 1.4 million in each of the past two years, about half a million of whom were listed as illegal aliens, a report said yesterday. The Federation for American Immigration Reform said if the numbers remain unchanged, this decade will mark the most massive wave of immigration in American history, with 45 million immigrants - about 14 percent of the country's total projected population - forecast to be residing in the United States by 2010.
MARILYN GARDNER, CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR - In 1940, less than 8 percent of Americans lived alone. Today that proportion has more than tripled, reaching nearly 26 percent. Singles number 86 million, according to the Census Bureau, and virtually half of all households are now headed by unmarried adults. Signs of this demographic revolution, this kingdom of singledom, appear everywhere, including Capitol Hill. Last month, the Census Bureau reported that 132 members of the House of Representatives have districts in which the majority of households are headed by unmarried adults. . . Research by Unmarried America - a group promoting equal rights for unmarried workers, consumers and taxpayers - finds that single employees generally make less money than married workers, have a higher unemployment rate and receive less compensation for benefits
MEXICANS - 20.6 million, median household income: $30,621
PUERTO RICANS - 3.4 million, median household income: $30,644
CUBANS - 1.2 million, median household income: $36,671
DOMINICANS - 765,000, median household income: $29,099
SALVADORANS - 656,000, median household income: $35,366
COLOMBIANS - 471,000, median household income: $38,514
NICARAGUANS - 178,000, median household income: $38,952
ARGENTINES - 111,000, median household income: $46,091
PANAMANIANS - 92,000 median household income: $39,321
CHILEANS - 69.000, median household income: $42,311
PERUVIANS - 234,000, median household income: $42,333
[Scripps Howard News Service]
MODESTO BEE - Nearly one in five Americans speaks a language other than English at home, the Census Bureau reported Wednesday - a surge of nearly 50 percent during the past decade. Most speak Spanish, followed by Chinese, with Russian rising fast. . . In California, nearly 12.5 million people - 39.5 percent of those 5 and older in the state - spoke another language.
There also were more people considered "linguistically isolated" because of limited English, a situation that some analysts say can prevent people from assimilating fully into American society and hinder activities such as grocery shopping or communicating with police or fire officials. The Spanish-speaking population rose by 62 percent during the period to 28.1 million; slightly more than half also reported speaking English "very well."
The Jewish population of New York City has fallen by 5 percent since 1991, dipping below one million for the first time in a century. But Jews who left the city seemed to stay in the area, because the Jewish population has risen by a corresponding amount in three suburban counties in New York state. . . The growth in Westchester's Jewish population is particularly striking, climbing 40 percent since 1991. [NYT, IJA-Federation NY]
The U.S. birth rate fell to the lowest level since national data have been available, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The birth rate was 13.9 per 1,000 persons in 2002, a decline of 1 percent from the rate of 14.1 per 1,000 in 2001 and down 17 percent from the recent peak in 1990 (16.7 per 1,000), according to the CDC. The current low birth rate primarily reflects the smaller proportion of women of childbearing age in the U.S. population, as baby boomers age and Americans are living longer.
There has also been a recent downturn in the birth rate for women in the peak childbearing ages. Birth rates for women in their 20s and early 30s were generally down while births to older mothers (35-44) were still on the rise. Rates were stable for women over 45.
Birth rates among teenagers were down in 2002, continuing a decline that began in 1991. The birth rate fell to 43 births per 1,000 females 15-19 years of age in 2002, a 5-percent decline from 2001 and a 28- percent decline from 1990. The decline in the birth rate for younger teens, 15-17 years of age, is even more substantial, dropping 38 percent from 1990 to 2002 compared to a drop of 18 percent for teens 18-19.
According to a report by the Census Bureau, the percentage of black families led by unmarried females is 43 percent, the lowest percentage since at least 1980, when 40 percent of black families were led by an unmarried woman. . . American blacks have also seen dramatic education gains in the past 20 years. In 1980, according to census figures, 51 percent of blacks had earned their high school diploma. By 2002, 78.5 percent of blacks had finished high school. . . In 1980, only 8 percent of blacks earned a bachelor's degree, while today, 17.4 percent of blacks had finished at least four years of college. The percentage of black Americans who have completed at least some college work or earned at least an associate degree is at a all-time high of 79 percent. This increase in the pursuit of higher education has correlated with the rising incomes of black families over the years, creating a swelling middle class. Married couples making more than $50,000 a year constitute 52 percent of the black population, with slightly more than half of those families earning more than $75,000 in annual income. For white married couples, the figures are higher, 64 percent and 40 percent, respectively. Thirty-six percent of blacks live in the suburbs, up from 29 percent 10 years ago.
STEPHEN DINAN, WASHINGTON TIMES - The United States is accepting immigrants at a faster rate than at any other time since the 1850s, according to Census 2000 figures. The 31.3 million foreign-born residents represent 11.3 million more than in the 1990 census - a 57 percent increase - and they now account for 11.1 percent of the nation's population, or one in nine residents. That proportion is higher than at any other time since the 1930 census, when immigrants made up 11.7 percent of the population . . . In terms of the public-policy debate, the most important number may be the growth rate of the foreign-born population from 7.9 percent in 1990 to 11.1 percent in 2000 - the fastest in 150 years. Although more immigrants arrived in the United States in the 1990s than lived in the country in 1970, immigration supporters said the current percentage of foreign-born residents fell well short of the historical peak of 1890, when 14.8 percent of the population was made up of immigrants.
CHERYL WETZSTEIN, WASHINGTON TIMES - The overall teen birthrate - including all age levels and ethnic groups - fell to its lowest level in six decades last year, marking the 10th straight year of declines, the federal government said. Black teen-agers and high school girls between the ages of 15 and 17 saw a significant 8 percent drop in their birthrates, slightly more than the overall 5 percent decline.
MICHAEL A. FLETCHER WASHINGTON POST - At colleges and universities across the United States, the proportion of bachelor's degrees awarded to women reached a post-war high this year at an estimated 57 percent. The gender gap is even greater among Hispanics -- only 40 percent of that ethnic group's college graduates are male -- and African Americans, who are now seeing two women earn bachelor's degrees for every man. The trend, which began in the mid-1980s, has sparked concern among everyone from business leaders to demographers, who applaud the growing academic success of women but maintain that the lopsided graduation rate may foretell significant problems . . . Some researchers say the trend could herald a shift in the nation's social dynamic, with educated women unable to find mates of equal educational backgrounds. Business groups are beginning to worry about a possible dwindling share of men to fill top corporate jobs. Last week, the Business Roundtable, an organization of chief executives of some of the nation's top corporations, commissioned a study on the subject.
Women as a percent of all farm owners
1. New Hampshire, 17.60%
2. Alaska, 17.34%
3. Hawaii, 16.85%
4. Massachusetts, 16.61%
5. Rhode Island, 15.65%
6. Florida, 15.47%
7. Connecticut, 15.00%
8. New Jersey, 14.90%
9. Nevada, 14.35%
10. Oregon, 14.11
CITIES IN AMERICA
Black or African American Alone Rank Place Name State Total Population Number Percent 1 Gary city IN 102,746 86,340 84.0 2 Detroit city MI 951,270 775,772 81.6 3 Birmingham city AL 242,820 178,372 73.5 4 Jackson city MS 184,256 130,151 70.6 5 New Orleans city LA 484,674 325,947 67.3 6 Baltimore city MD 651,154 418,951 64.3 7 Memphis city TN 650,100 399,208 61.4 8 Atlanta city GA 416,474 255,689 61.4 9 Washington city DC 572,059 343,312 60.0 10 Richmond city VA 197,790 113,108 57.2 11 Savannah city GA 131,510 75,072 57.1 12 Newark city NJ 273,546 146,250 53.5 13 Flint city MI 124,943 66,560 53.3 14 St. Louis city MO 348,189 178,266 51.2 15 Cleveland city OH 478,403 243,939 51.0 16 Shreveport city LA 200,145 101,679 50.8 17 Portsmouth city VA 100,565 50,899 50.6 18 Baton Rouge city LA 227,818 113,953 50.0 19 Augusta-Richmond County1 GA 199,775 99,391 49.8 20 Montgomery city AL 201,568 100,048 49.6 21 Inglewood city CA 112,580 53,060 47.1 22 Mobile city AL 198,915 92,068 46.3 23 Columbia city SC 116,278 53,465 46.0 24 Beaumont city TX 113,866 52,206 45.8 25 Hampton city VA 146,437 65,428 44.7 26 Norfolk city VA 234,403 103,387 44.1 27 Durham city NC 187,035 81,937 43.8 28 Columbus city GA 186,291 81,488 43.7 29 Philadelphia city PA 1,517,550 655,824 43.2 30 Dayton city OH 166,179 71,668 43.1 31 Cincinnati city OH 331,285 142,176 42.9 32 Fayetteville city NC 121,015 51,338 42.4 33 Little Rock city AR 183,133 74,003 40.4 34 Newport News city VA 180,150 70,388 39.1 35 Rochester city NY 219,773 84,717 38.5 36 Hartford city CT 121,578 46,264 38.1 37 Greensboro city NC 223,891 83,728 37.4 38 New Haven city CT 123,626 46,181 37.4 39 Milwaukee city WI 596,974 222,933 37.3 40 Buffalo city NY 292,648 108,951 37.2 41 Winston-Salem city NC 185,776 68,924 37.1 42 Chicago city IL 2,896,016 1,065,009 36.8 43 Chattanooga city TN 155,554 56,086 36.1 44 Oakland city CA 399,484 142,460 35.7 45 Tallahassee city FL 150,624 51,569 34.2 46 Louisville city KY 256,231 84,586 33.0 47 Paterson city NJ 149,222 49,095 32.9 48 Charlotte city NC 540,828 176,964 32.7 49 Kansas City city MO 441,545 137,879 31.2 50 Bridgeport city CT 139,529 42,925 30.8
WASHINGTON TIMES: Increasingly, Americans are well-educated, with D.C. residents leading the way. The assertion is based on data from the Census 2000 Supplementary Survey, a trial survey designed to provide detailed data annually, instead of every decade, for use by the business community and federal, state and local policy-makers. The survey, released by the Census Bureau, reveals that last year 82 percent of persons 25 years old and older had graduated from high school, up from 75.2 percent a decade ago. And last year 25 percent of the people in that age group had at least a bachelor's degree, up from 20.3 percent in 1990 . . . [The survey also found that]
* Nine percent of the U.S. population has a professional degree (up from 7 percent in 1990), while the portion of the population having less than a ninth-grade education fell from 10.4 percent in 1990 to 6.9 percent in 2000.
* Eighteen percent of the U.S. population ages 5 years and older spoke a language other than English at home last year. The figure was 14 percent in 1990.
* There were 115,904,651 housing units in the nation in 2000 530,658 of them lacked plumbing and 625,602 lacked kitchen facilities.
Average age of marriage, male, 2000: 27
Average age of marriage, male 1970: 23
Average age of marriage, female, 2000: 25
Average age of marriage, female 1970: 20 [CNN]
56% of Americans say that they are third generation Americans or more, meaning that their grandparents, parents and themselves were born in this country. Blacks have been in this country the longest - 75% are 3rd generation or more. Hispanics have, on average, been here the shortest period of time. Only 13% are third generation, with 47% saying that they were born in another country. Between 60% and 73% of those living in the Midwest and in the South are 3rd generation or more, compared to just about four out of 10 of those living in either the East or the West.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR: The 2000 census reveals that, for the first time this century, the black population in the South grew faster than in any other region in the 1990s. While the migration southward began as early as the 1970s, it has accelerated rapidly in recent years. The region gained more than 3.5 million blacks in the 1990s. During that time, every other region of the country reported a net out migration of African-Americans . . . The great pilgrimage South reverses a 20th-century trend that drew millions of blacks to a less racially divided North. During the 1960s in particular, in an era of racial tension and violence, blacks fled to northern cities like Detroit, New York, and Cleveland.MORE
Number of 20-34 year old singles living with their parents: 18 million
Percent of all singles: 38% [American Demographics]
Percent of Americans of Spanish or Latin American origin who prefer to be called Hispanic rather than latino: 67% [Few say they are significantly bothered by either term] [Gallup]
In 2000, nearly 15 percent of households were made up of single women and another 10.7 percent were made up of single men. This is an increase from 1970, when 11.5 percent of households were of women living alone and 5.6 percent of households were of men living alone . . . Other kinds of "non-family" households, such as roommates or cohabiting couples, grew from 1.7 percent in 1970 to 5.7 percent in 2000. [Washington Times]
Since 1990, the Hispanic population of the United States has ballooned by more than 60 percent. Following typical immigration patterns, most of the newcomers initially migrate to inner cities. As a result, the nation´s largest cities have experienced a 43 percent increase in Hispanic residents from a decade ago. . . . Within the next 10 years, some 25 percent of America´s teen-agers will be Hispanic. Marketers are busily working up strategies to target this well-defined core group. Their standard position is that these immigrant offspring will cling to their cultural roots and only half-heartedly embrace all things American. "Wrong. They are no different than any other class of immigrants and will not be immune to the constant bombardment of mainstream advertising and pop culture´s homogenizing effect. The images and icons they buy into will have a Hispanic-American flavor, but they will have an Anglo look and be as American as apple pie. - Gerald Celente, Trends Journal
The birth rate for teenaged American women is now at a record low, down 20% from 1991 [Washington Post]
Percent of American men 50 or older who are veterans: 59%
Percent of American men under 50 who are veterans: 13%
UPI: New data from the 2000 Census and other sources suggest the government has long underestimated the number of illegal aliens living in the United States. The Immigration and Naturalization Service had figured the number of illegal aliens as 6 million. Scholars at Boston's Northeastern University are now suggesting that the actual number might run as high as 13 million.
Increase in latino population in Colorado over past decade: 73% up to 736,000.
Number of people who identified themselves as African-Americans who checked at least one other box on the Census former: 1.76 million
- Percent of those over 50 who checked African-American and another box: 2%
- Percent of those 18 and younger who checked African-American another box: 8%
[William Raspberry, Washington Post]
AMITAI ETZIONI: One out of 12 marriages in 1995 (8.4 percent) were interracial/ethnic marriages. Intermarriage between Asian Americans and whites is particularly common; marriages between Hispanic Americans and whites are also rather frequent, while marriages between whites and blacks are the least common. In 1998, out-marriage by Hispanics . . . totaled 16.7 percent, while non-Hispanic Asians out-married at a rate of 15 percent and non-Hispanic blacks out-married at a rate of 5 percent. . . . 'In 1990, 84 percent of all married black people over the age of 65 were in both-black marriages, but only 53 percent of married blacks under 25 were,' according to the Statistical Assessment Service. And the Census Bureau finds that . . . the number of marriages between blacks and whites has more than quadrupled, increasing from 65,000 in 1970 to 296,000 in 1994. . . . A study from the University of Michigan reports that in the 1940s about 2 percent of black men married white women, whereas by the 1980s about 8 percent did so." - Amitai Etzioni, from his new book "The Monochrome Society"
- 85% say Christmas is too commercialized
- 42% would enjoy Christmas more if there were no presents or gifts
- Almost six out of 10 say they do not enjoy Christmas shopping [Gallup]
- 36 million Americans plan to buy a natural Christmas tree
- 46 million Americans plan to use an artificial Christmas tree
- 22 million Americans plan to use no Christmas tree
- 85% of the trees are bought between Thanksgiving and the first weekend in December. [National Christmas Tree Assn.]
NY TIMES: For the first time since the Census Bureau began tracking the numbers, families in which both parents are working have become the majority even among the most traditional families: married couples with children . . . Even married or single mothers of very young children were likely to work at least part time: 59 percent of the women with babies younger than a year old were employed in 1998, compared with 31 percent in 1976. And the numbers are even higher for those with older children. Of the 31.3 million mothers ages 15 to 44 whose children were older than a year, 73 percent worked in 1998, and 52 percent worked full time. NY TIMES
Recent Gallup stats:
* 86% of parents of school-aged children (in kindergarten through grade 12) send their child to public school; 10% send them to private school, while 4% send them to parochial school.
* 52% of Americans have a favorable view of the National Rifle Association, while 39% have an unfavorable view.
* 46% of Americans have a favorable view of NRA president Charleton Heston, while 30% have an unfavorable view.
--Percent of women 15-29 in the early 90s who were unmarried when they had their first child: 41%
--Percent of women 15-29 in the 1930s who were unmarried when they had their first child: 8% [Census Bureau]